hrm essay:人力资源管理员工敬业度Human Resource Management Employee Engagement员工敬业度（EE）不仅仅是一个“激励的方法并且是一个系统的方法来管理，应该在在私营或公共部门战略人力资源项目的所有现代企业的核心。员工敬业度是一个组织的员工对组织的宗旨和核心价值观的积极参与和承诺。一个员工有助于与使命，他理解组织的愿景建设是不可缺少的一部分，是组织毋庸置疑的资产。总体而言，员工对组织的总体积极态度和价值观。这是一个相对较新的概念，已经大量销售的人力资源（人力资源）咨询公司，提供建议，它可以创建和利用。Topic:"Employee Engagement (EE) is not just another 'motivational technique' but a systematic approach to people management that should be at the 'heart' of all Strategic HR initiatives in modern corporations in both the private and/or public sector."Introduction 引言Employee engagement is the amount of active involvement and commitment that the employees of an organization have towards the organizations' purpose and its core values. An engaged employee is an indubitable asset to the organization who contributes to the growth of the organization in line with the mission and vision of the organization which he understands and is an integral part of. In general, it is the overall positive attitude of the employees towards the organization and its values. It is one of the relatively new notions that have been heavily marketed by human resource (HR) consulting firms that offer advice on how it can be created and leveraged.This essay will attempt to define what employee engagement is, its importance and why it should be in the heart of all strategic HR initiatives in modern organizations both public and private.Meaning of employee engagement 员工敬业度The exact meaning of term 'employee engagement' is very indistinct owing to its complex nature.For example, Wellins and Concelman (2005a, p. 1) suggested that engagement is ''an amalgamation of commitment, loyalty, productivity and ownership", suggesting it as a psychological state.Both the academic usage of the term in research and practitioner's usage in conversations with clients fail to yield a concise definition of the term. But we know is that the term is used in different contexts to refer to either psychological state, traits or behavior of employees of an organization.From various postulates and definitions from diverse relevant literature, we could propose that the term employee engagement is an amalgamation of three facets or aspects mentioned below.These aspects are in turn affected by numerous factors like Job attributes, employer image, Leadership, etc.Contributors to the Aspects of Employee Engagement:Based on various studies conducted globally, there are three main contributors to these facets of Employee engagement.The employee themselves – with their unique experiences and psychological personalities.The employers – their ability to create an environment that promote employee engagementInteraction Between employees at all levels.At this point it is quite clear that even by definition and composition 'Employee Engagement' is a set of complex attributes that has to be nurtured in contrast to a simple and generic 'motivational technique'.Why is it so important? 为什么这么重要？Employee Engagement in modern context goes beyond a mere buzzword. The capability of an organization to achieve high performance levels and superior business results lies heavily on its capacity to manage employee engagement. As stated already, an 'Engaged Employee' is an indomitable asset to the organization which brings many advantages compared to a non-engaged employeeEngaged employees will stay with the company, be an advocate of the company and its products and services, and contribute to bottom line business success.They will normally perform better and are more motivated.There is a significant link between employee engagement and profitability.They form an emotional connection with the company. This impacts their attitude towards the company's clients, and thereby improves customer satisfaction and service levelsIt builds passion, commitment and alignment with the organization's strategies and goalsIncreases employees' trust in the organizationCreates a sense of loyalty in a competitive environmentProvides a high-energy working environmentBoosts business growthMakes the employees effective brand ambassadors for the company 公司员工是有效的品牌大使Various workplace surveys have proven without doubt that a highly engaged employee will consistently deliver beyond expectations by finding every opportunity to do what they do best. And they make it a point that they implement this in workplace on a daily basis owing to their high state of engagement. Therefore, it is critical for organizations that seek to retain highly valued employees to create and maintain high levels of employee engagement. In all organizations, SME to corporations, private or public, there is an intrinsic link between employee engagement, customer loyalty and profitability. As organizations globalize and become more dependent on technology in a virtual working environment, there is a greater need to connect and engage with employees to provide them with an organizational 'identity.'Engagement is important for managers to cultivate given that disengagement or alienation is central to the problem of workers' lack of commitment and motivation (Aktouf). Meaningless work is often associated with apathy and detachment from ones works (Thomas and Velthouse). In such conditions, individuals are thought to be estranged from their selves (Seeman, 1972) .Other Research using a different resource of engagement (involvement and enthusiasm) has linked it to such variables as employee turnover, customer satisfaction – loyalty, safety and to a lesser degree, productivity and profitability criteria (Harter, Schnidt & Hayes, 2002).Why Rewards and Recognition don't work" Don't worry when you are not recognized, but strive to be worthy of recognition."-Abraham LincolnIn the past decades, organizations have spent hefty budgets to the tune of billions of dollars on implementing Rewards and Recognition programs for their employees in the hope of motivating the employees. However, if there was a mechanism to measure the return on investment on these programs, it would turn out to be less than nothing in most cases. Because most of the times, these measures would have been initiated to as a responsive action to critical issues like falling employee morale. While it cannot be denied that there is a small fraction of employees benefit from these programs, a vast majority of the lot will often feel punished.These programs are designed with reaching (arguably) a goal in short term with no real long term objectives. Though extrinsic rewards for employees has been in practice and quite effective (again..arguably) for long time now, they continue to turn out to be inefficient and out of place in the changing times. Below is an non-exhaustive list of why most programs fail to meet their intended objective(s)Programs don't fundamentally change employees' beliefs or commitment to their job; they just change their behavior during the course of the program.Rewards are not necessarily reinforcing. Even those rewards that might appear to be most obviously desirable do not necessarily work for everybody.Programs tend to be focused too narrowly on specific goals like achieving a target (e.g. Production target) while other equally or more important aspects are being ignored (e.g. Quality)Programs tend to be focused on visible goals like reduced production time, etc. ignoring the fundamentals like communication, teamwork, etc. which have long term valuesPrograms with specific goals can limit performance.Inconsistent and Unfair Administration. One of the major reasons that reward and recognition programs are unfairly administered is that the program guidelines are unclear and open to interpretationPrograms are added Stress for Supervisors 程序增加了主管的压力Programs that will potentially make employees compete with each other for reward or recognitions will destroy teamwork. Rather than having a common goal as a team, employees will now have specific goal in which they are in competition with their own team mates. Whether individual or team-based, reward and recognition programs almost always hurt teamwork.Programs reduce risk-taking and creativity. When it comes to the possibility of winning a reward, most people are risk-averse. They don't want to risk losing because they tried some new, clever approach that did not pan out.#p#分页标题#e#Reward Programs tend to decrease 'Overall Motivation'. Most programs recognize/reward only top performers, which is a very small group(that is satisfied) compared to the rest of the team/organization(that is unsatisfied).Engagement and motivation 参与与动机Employee Engagement and Employee Motivation are different from each. The significant difference can be outlined by drawing out the differences between the motivated employee and Engaged employee. This can be further detailed by drawing out the attributes contributing to the profile of an engaged employee.