维多利亚的秘密的成功营销essay目前,维多利亚的秘密为顾客提供了大量各式各样的产品,不仅是内衣。在一些店面里，也有一些美容和香水产品,包括化妆品和皮肤护理。在维多利亚的秘密的网站上，还有其他一些产品，如泳装、服装和鞋子。在“维多利亚的秘密”旗下，既有副品牌，也有一些收藏品。这些副品牌都是性感的粉红系列，在维多利亚的秘密的天使们的演绎下，性感动人。这些副品牌有自己的身份，但要保证高质量。“维多利亚的秘密”是当今美国最成功的企业之一，他们的营销策略注重于令人深思广告上。History–发展历史“维多利亚的秘密”由罗伊·雷蒙德于1970年代在旧金山地区创立，雷蒙德抓住一个际遇，把内衣变成一种时尚，除了百货公司里卖的传统的白色的棉片,“维多利亚的秘密”在此基础上，生产出不同款式和颜色的内衣，为产品增添了女性特有的魅力和性感。他们结合欧洲的典雅和奢华。“维多利亚的秘密”这个名字甚至让人联想起19世纪的英格兰。Victorias Successful Marketing Campaign Marketing EssayCurrently, Victoria's Secret offers a large assortment of products that are not only lingerie based. In the store part of the organization, there are also beauty and fragrance products that include cosmetics and skin care. In the Victoria's Secret catalogue and Web, the assortment varies even further with lingerie, swimwear, apparel and shoes. Within the Victoria's Secret brand, there are sub-brands or collections. These sub-brands have also built recognition. The sub-brands are Pink, Very Sexy, Body by Victoria and Angels. These sub-brands have their own identity but offer and deliver quality,Victoria's Secret is one of the most successful businesses in the US today. Their Marketing strategy is hinged upon a well thought of advertising campaign and other special features.History–发展历史Victoria’s Secret was established by Roy Raymond in the San Francisco area during the 1970s. Raymond saw an opportunity in taking “underwear” of the time and turning it into fashion. Products stood apart from the traditional white cotton pieces, which department stores offered, with colours, patterns and style that gave them more allure and sexiness. They combined European elegance and luxury. Even the name Victoria’s Secret was meant to conjure up images of 19th-century England. The store went so far as to list a fake London address for the company headquarters.Today, Victoria’s Secret enjoys nearly a monopoly position on the retail of intimate apparel in the US. The typical bra that once sold for $15 at Victoria’s Secret, when the company first opened and was worried about competition, now sells for over $40.Victoria’s Secret’s Success–维多利亚的秘密的成功Starting from Raymond’s six stores, Victoria’s Secret has grown into a giant in the lingerie business. As my colleague just explained VS has virtually no competitors in the women’s elegant lingerie market. In the more general category of all underwear, Victoria’s Secret’s sales also tower over the sales of all other underwear brands.Victoria’s Secret’s success is evident in the numbers. Not only does Victoria’s Secret dominate in its own market, it has also become the fastest growing branch in the Limited family.To understand the success of Victoria’s Secret, it is necessary to look at the forces in the lingerie industry. First, a range of complements contribute to increasing demand. Complements range from Britney Spears and MTV to perfume, basically anything that is sexually suggestive. The acceptable boundary for sexuality has with these complements been raised higher and higher. Along with this, the media has elevated the position of intimate apparel in our society. Magazines like Cosmo and Glamour advise women to pamper themselves with nice underwear as one of life’s secret survival tips.Bras and panties are commodities that need to be replaced at a modestly frequent level. Therefore, there is no concern for the intimate apparel industry of a decline in demand.The industry is not rivalrous either. Bras are priced over a fairly broad range with high markups. Firms in this industry have very high profit margins. Furthermore, neither the buyers who are women shoppers nor their husbands who are buying gifts have much bargaining power. Suppliers for the intimate apparel industry similarly have very little bargaining power because of the large number of manufacturers and few big buyers. Supermodels who can be considered suppliers in the highly-advertised lingerie business certainly do not have bargaining power, especially when it comes to Victoria’s Secret. Most models consider it a prestigious honor to be a Victoria’s Secret model. There is more supply (models) than demand in this case. For such a lucrative industry, there are surprisingly few competitors in the US market. Besides Frederick’s of Hollywood, there are no other lingerie retail chain stores.Victoria’s Successful Marketing Campaign-维多利亚的秘密的营销活动Advertising–广告One of Victoria’s Secret’s strengths is its very successful advertising strategy. In a business that sells an image and a lifestyle, advertising is crucial. Victoria’s Secret spends $66 million each year on advertising, essentially defining beauty and packaging it for consumers.Thousands of newspaper ads, catalogues, and televised fashion shows convince women that buying Victoria’s Secret products will boost their confidence and enhance their appeal. A Victoria’s Secret product represents fun, romance, fantasy, desire and love all in one. As long as they do Victoria’s Secret lingerie, women can be transformed like Cinderella from the ties of domestic life to one of the angels seen on the walkway.Annual Fashion Show–一年一度的时装秀Televised annually, the Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show Extravaganza has an exclusive contract with nationwide broadcasting station CBS. A symbiotic relationship exists between the two firms. Victoria’s Secret obtains one hour of nationwide advertising, while CBS holds the exclusive right to one of the most popular programs on TV. For one full hour, beautiful supermodels parade about in Victoria’s new-line of beautiful lingerie with chic special effects and music that heightens the fashion show to the level of a Broadway production. Women are persuaded that Victoria’s Secret lingerie will win the enthusiasm they see plainly in their male colleagues.The Supermodels–超模Victoria’s Secret holds one of the most important input supplies in the lingerie industry: supermodels. Victoria’s Secret models are synonymous with beauty. Advertisements capitalize on this association and cement in consumer minds that Victoria’s Secret represents beauty and class.The fact that Victoria’s Secret has most of the top supermodels working for them is no surprise. Nobody boasts of “Banana Republic models” or “GAP models,” but mention “Victoria’s Secret models” and everybody gushes about how gorgeous they are. Being a Victoria’s Secret supermodel is a sign of prestige. Like the top animators who are honored to work for Disney, talented models are enthusiastic about signing up with Victoria’s Secret because it guarantees them a successful name and chance to be named in an elite group of supermodels, including the likes of Adrianna Lima, Heidi Klum, and Tyra Banks.In order to keep good business flowing, stores need strong marketing strategies. If they do not have people coming into their stores, they obviously will not have much business. Victoria’s Secret is well aware of this, and they constantly give customers reasons to visit by sending them coupons, special offers, and best of all — free stuff!1. Freebies: The “Free Panty” coupon is one of the customers’ favourite methods. Victoria’s Secret sends these coupons out every month to all of their customers, and the best thing about this coupon is that there is no purchase necessary. Many times when stores give out coupons to receive free items, it is required that you buy something first. However, people love this particular offer because they can receive a free panty just by walking into the store and handing over the coupon.How does this help Victoria’s Secret? Giving away a free item gives customers a reason to go into the store. There aren’t too many people who will just go in the store, get their free item, and then walk out. Every time one goes in to claim their prize, they always end up stopping to look around at everything else (and usually end up falling in love with something that they really did not need). One ends up spending money every time, and that’s a nice profit for Victoria’s Secret. They’ve gained more business just by handing out a small panty that most likely costs them very little!#p#分页标题#e#2. Exclusive, Limited-Time Coupons: Another one of their great techniques is when they send coupons for “10 dollars off any Pink purchase.” In this situation, customers would receive $10 off any Pink brand item bought in the store. Pink is extremely popular for Victoria’s Secret, and there’s a wide selection in this line. There’s something for everyone. Why not see if you can save on a higher-priced item you may have had your eye on?How does this help Victoria’s Secret? They may provide $10 off, but they’re getting you to spend money there. Again, the incentive gets customers through the door and the sought-after merchandise urges them to stick around and do some more shopping.3. Clearance or Bargain Sales: Victoria’s Secret also holds their Semi Annual Sales to drum up business. These sales occur in the winter time (usually every January) and also every summer. These sales are huge (some ladies ransack the displays to find the best deals) and they get tons of people into their store. Many of the items that go on sale during this time are usually discounted between 40 and 70%. People who love Victoria’s Secret go crazy over these prices, because on a regular day, their prices aren’t usually that cheap.How does this help Victoria’s Secret? Bargain-hunting customers usually buy as many pairs of unmentionables as they can which not only brings in cash but also clears out previous-season merchandise. This frees up space for new designs, which people catch previews of while they’re waiting in line to pay for their purchases.4. Incremental Incentives: Not every patron sees the appeal of waiting in lines for the best prices, and VS understands that. That’s why they incorporate online-only deals. For example, they may give a $15 discount for every $100 spent, $30 off for every $150 spent, or maybe even $75 off for $250 spent. This incremental technique is another way for the store to gain new business.How does this help Victoria’s Secret? Incremental incentives encourage people to buy more for a price break or discount. This is especially beneficial for customers who may be near a price break — let’s say you have $90 worth of merchandise in your cart. Wouldn’t you be likely to add one more item if you knew you could then use the coupon for $15 off? I would.