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2022代写机构侵权行为法在澳大利亚发挥的作用

By August 15, 2022essay代写

2022代写机构侵权行为法在澳大利亚发挥的作用

2022代写机构侵权行为法在澳大利亚发挥的作用

侵权行为法在澳大利亚发挥的作用The Role that Tort Law Play in the Australia澳大利亚侵权法的法律渊源是复杂的,包括英国法所继承的法律原则、英美法系和其他英美法系国家的法律原则,以及在我国法律发展过程中形成的原则。这些原则存在于不同的领域,给法官和当事人在许多案件中找出最合适的法律原则带来了极大的不便。由于不同的理解,甚至同一原则可以用一致的具体情况。Legal source of Tort law in Australia is complex, including legal principles inherited from English law, and legal principles of the Untied States and other common law countries, as well as principles formed during Australia’s own legal development. (McDonald, Barbara, 2005: 443) These principles existed in different areas, which have caused great inconvenience to the Judge and the parties to find out the most suitable legal principle among so many cases. (Jane Stapleton, 2003: 135) Because of different understandings, even the same principles might be used inconsistently in specific situations.In June 2001, the federal government of Australia appointed Judge David Andrew Ipp of Court of Appeal of New South Wales to lead a four-expert panel reviewing the Tort law of Australia. The expert panel have discussed and reviewed problems the most frequently questioned by public, which include: the determining standards of tort liability are quite vague; it’s too easy for victims to get compensations; the amount of personal injury compensation is too large, etc. (Mendelson D., 2004: 492-509) In September 2002, the panel submitted the final report of tort law review to the federal government, which put forward 61 proposals to the common law and related statute law system. Although there is controversy, most proposals of what the Ipp report has suggested was adopted by the Australian federal and state parliament, and have made the corresponding adjustment and revision quickly. Form 2002 to 2004, the Australian parliament has formulated and revised 36 statute laws.The tort law has two main purposes. On the one hand, it aims providing remedy and compensation to the injured party; on the other hand, it devotes to regulate behaviors of civil subjects. On the premise of adjusting the compensation purpose, Tort law reform in Australia has specified and regulated evaluation standards of tort liability, to help civil subjects understand their own behaviors better. In that case, when conducting behaviors with potential risks, the civil subjects could be able to make the prevention in advance, so as to reduce the concurrence of infringement. Besides, tort law reform does not only stress the duty of care of infringing party, but also stress the duty of care of victim, which makes the victim also pay attention to their behavior standards, so as to improve their safety awareness. (Wright, E. W., 2006: 6-12)The statutory Tort law specifically focuses on some concepts and principles which are easy ignored or misunderstood in the practical application, using unified and regulated articles to explain these concepts and principles, properly adjusting the controversial legal principles, and by using a demonstration case to provide compensation degree for similar cases. Also, it’s important to note that, though the statutory Tort law in Australia has higher legal status, it can only be used as an effective supplement of the common law, which cannot replace the main function of the common law.

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