2022留学写作指导英国留学生accounting essay

August 21, 2022essay代写

2022留学写作指导英国留学生accounting essay

IFM Day 1 Answers1.QuotesDirectIndirectIn USA\$1 = £0.6534In UK£0.5221 = 100YenIn Holland\$1.3024 = 1 Euro

2. Exchange rates

a)convert \$1000 at offer rate \$1.5955

1000 / 1.5955 = £626.76

b)buy \$1000 at bid rate 1.5951

1000/1.5951 = £626.92

So a round trip costs 16p!!!!! (Not if you do it for small amounts via local bank or travel agent

c)Buy £5000 in Switzerland at offer rate – 1.6243

Cost = 5000 * 1.6243 = 8121.50 SFr

d)3000Euro to £ at offer rate of 1.0708 = £2801.64

e)Buy £10,000 of Yen at bid rate 142.442 = 1,424,420 Yen

3. See attached table

4.a)1000 / 1.5955 = £ 538.39Or more correctly1000 / (1.5955+ (1.5955*0.0 / 12)) = £626.76

b)1000/1.5951 = £626.92Or more correctly1000 (1.5955+ (1.5955*0.0)) = £626.92

c)5000 * 1.6225 = 8112.50SFrOr more correctly5000 * (1.6243 -(1.6243*0.004/4) = 8113.38 SFr

d) 3000/ 1.0706 = £2802.17Or more correctly 3000 /(1.0708 – (1.0708*0.002/12)) = £2802.11

e) 10000 * 141.495 = 1,414,950YenOr more correctly10000* (142.442 – (142.442* 0.007) = 1,414,449 Yen

5. For equilibrium the forward rate should be 1.80 / (1.05 / 1.025) = \$1.7571/ £

So the forward overvalues \$.

So borrow £1m at 5% interestPay back £1.05m in 1 years timeConvert £1m to \$1.8m (at spot rate)Invest \$1.8m at 2.5% in US, giving \$1.845 in one years timeEnter a forward contract to convert \$ to £ in one year at \$1.70/£Receive £1,085,294 in one yearRepay loanProfit = £35,294 for No risk, and NO outlay!!!!

6 .In one years time

£1 = 1.045 / 1.04 * 1.6 = \$1.6077

£1 = 1.025/1.04 * 200 = 197.12Yen

Yen / \$ = 197.12 / 1.6077 = 122.61 Yen / \$1

Or 200 / 1.6 * 1.025/1.045 = 122.61

7. Currently the markets are not in equilibrium, as real interest rate differsWith IFE Ex rate in one year would be – 1.85 * 1.03/1.05 = \$1.8148 / £ (the dollar strengthens against the pound) – which should equal the current 1 year forward rate.With PPP, Ex rate would be 1.85 * 1.02 / 1.025 = \$1.8410/ £ (the dollar strengthens but not as muchHowever these are close.Many factors could effect the actual exchange rates over time

8. The £ is strengthening against the Euro. Expectations theory is not holding http://www.ukassignment.org/ What is possible but not clear is whether the current exchange rate is in an equilibrium positionIRP suggests that interest rates in Europe must be higher than in the UK. Calculation suggests they must be approx 6.8%

Purchasing power parity suggests inflation must be higher in Europe than UK. Calculation suggests 4.7%%

This suggest (according to Fisher effect ) that markets are not in equilibrium as real returns are 1% p.a in UK and 2.1% in Europe