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程序代写案例-FIT9137-Assignment 2

By February 3, 2021No Comments

FIT9137 Assignment 2 Specification 2020_NOV Semester Assignment 2 Specifications Submission Guidelines Deadline: Week-12 Friday 2020, 11:55pm Submission Files: • A report in PDF file format. • Your assigned Core Network Emulator configuration file containing the required changes to complete the assignment tasks. Notes: Do not submit a compression of multiple files. Such submissions may risk losing partial or complete assignment marks. A handwritten document is not acceptable and will not be marked even if converted and submitted electronically. Submission Platform: Electronic submission via Moodle for the report, and core configuration file. Late Submissions: • Submit a special consideration through available link on Moodle under assessment section to formally request a late submission. • Without an approved special consideration request, a late submission penalty of 5% per day de- duction will apply. Submissions that are more than 3 days late will not be accepted, unless SC consideration is approved. Plagiarism: This is an individual assignment and group work is prohibited. It is an academic requirement that your submitted work be original. Penalty will be applied to the whole submission if there is any evidence of copying, collaboration, pasting from websites, or copying from textbooks. When asked to use Internet, books, or other academic resources to answer a question, it does not mean to copy the text verbatim from the source. You must write the answers in your own words such that your understanding of the answer is evident. You must always cite your references within the text and list them at the end of the report. Note: Plagiarism policy applies to all assessments, and FIT Integrity committee applies the rules. Marks: The assignment is marked out of 100 marks and is worth 12% of your unit marks. 1 FIT9137 Assignment 2 Specification 2020_NOV Semester Network Configuration and Security Introduction For this assignment you will use the core network emulator to complete a series of tasks on an individual core configuration file that is generated for you. To download your individual core configuration file, open the subject’s moodle page then navigate to the Assessments section and follow the provided instructions for the Assignment 2. The downloaded *.imn file will be in zip format, please unzip the file to use it. You must write a report to explain the changes you make and the configuration you add to achieve the goals of each task and your reasons for each change/configuration as well as the tests you perform to check the task is accomplished. Your submitted core file will be marked by running the configuration and testing that the tasks are completed. The report will serve as a reference and maybe checked during marking. However, if a test fails when running your submitted core file, you will receive no mark for that failed test (i.e. part of a task) regardless of your explanations in the report. If tasks are similar you only need to explain your reasons once, and then just report the changes you make to individual services on each node. Network Structure The provided network is comprised of two organisations labelled Talos and Delos, a router named Internet playing the role of the Internet, and a global DNS server named clio. The internal subnets of Talos are labelled Internal, and the public servers of the Talos network are placed in a separate subnet named DMZ. The Internet facing router of the Talos organisation, R3, is also its network firewall. The Delos network is divided into two subnets: (i) a subnet for the organisation clients and private servers and (ii) a subnet for its public servers. The public servers of Delos are named apollo, artemis, and demeter providing web, domain name, and mail services respectively. DNS Setup The core file is configured to resolve the domain names between the two organisations, and This is achieved through a global DNS server named clio. The server only resolves the names for the two domains in the configuration ( and by sending the request to the corresponding nameserver for each domain and send back the response to the requesting client. Each DNS server in aforementioned networks must have access to UDP port 53 of the server clio as the organisation DNS servers resolve the names on behalf of their respective clients. You do not need to make any changes to DNS servers; this section only explains the DNS setup. Important Notes • It is recommended to use tcpdump if you wish to capture traffic and to observe whether the packets reach their intended destination when trying to accomplish the tasks. To use tcpdump, you can 2 FIT9137 Assignment 2 Specification 2020_NOV Semester right click on a node and move the mouse to select tcpdump in the provided list and then select the intended interface. You can also run tcpdump from the command line using the command tcpdump ­l ­i eth0 to print the summary of the captured packets from eth0 interface in the terminal. To write the captured packets to a file use the command with ­w option followed by a filename. For instance running the command tcpdump ­w /home/muni/R3­eth3.pcap ­i eth3 on the node R3 will capture the traffic on its eth3 interface and store the frames in a file named R3­ eth3.pcap under /home/muni directory. You can then stop the capture with Control+C and use Wireshark to analyse the captured packets. • Any changes you make to the nodes when the emulation is running will be lost when you stop the emulation. You can test the changes you want to make when the emulation is running and once you have the correct commands then add them through the GUI in the proper service. For example to add static routes to a router that persist and will be stored with the configuration file, you need to add ip route add commands to the StaticRoute service of that router. • If you make changes to a core configuration file and then close the core window without saving the changes, you will not be warned and the changes will be lost, hence if you wish to keep the changes you have made, you must save before closing the core window. • Make sure to keep a backup of your core file in the shared folder in case you encounter issues with your VM and you need to replace the VM so that you would not lose the work you have done. It is your responsibility to backup your work. • You must not change the name of any node in the given configuration file. Tasks Task A: Routing [35 +10 = 45 Marks] The routing tables of the routers in the provided network are not configured. The correct configuration of this task allows any host from any network to reach any other host in the entire network. You must satisfy the following requirements while completing this task: 1. All hosts inside network must be reachable from any other host within that network through an optimal path. You need to add static routes to routers R1, R2, R3, and R4 to accomplish this goal. You must explain your reasons for choosing a path in the report. The notation us for links represents the propagation delay in microseconds. You can assume that the processing delay is negligible. 2. The router R3must be the default gateway of the network. The router Internetmust be the default gateway of R3 and minerva (the only router of Delos). You will lose marks if you create routing loops. 3 FIT9137 Assignment 2 Specification 2020_NOV Semester Task B: DHCP Server [8 + 2 = 10 Marks] The clients of delos are configured with static IP addresses. Your task is to: 1. Configure DHCP server on the node minerva to assign dynamic IP addresses and other required settings to the client machines in the clients subnet. You can use the DHCP server configuration on R1 as a reference to follow. 2. Enable DHCP client service on clients of delos. Note: The node leto is a private local server in the clients subnet and must have a static IP address as assigned for the given configuration. Task C: Firewall [45 Marks] The node R3 is the firewall for talos network. Configure the Firewall service on this node to satisfy the following
requirements: 1. Allow traffic from anywhere to DMZ for the provided service by each server. This must be limited to only the public service that a server provides: dns only DNS, web only HTTP, mail only SMTP. 2. Allow servers in DMZ to initiate a communication if it is required by the service the server provides and only for that service (stateful inspection: DMZ→ External). 3. Allow internal hosts to access all services provided by servers in the DMZ (stateful inspection: Internal→ DMZ). This includes all services that DMZ servers provide. You can be more permissive here and use address ranges and all IP traffic. All servers in DMZ run SSH service which you can use to test your rules for the internal subnets. 4. Allow internal hosts to reach other internal hosts (if the traffic passes through R3). All traffic is allowed if it is internal to internal. 5. Allow internal nodes to access external servers however packets from external to internal are only allowed if they are responses to communications that were initiated from inside (stateful inspection: Internal→ External). 6. Allow the nodes in clients subnet of talos to ssh to node R3 (any host connected to the R1.eth0 subnet). 7. Allow the node R3 to send and receive ICMP echo messages to internal nodes and DMZ servers 8. All other traffic must be dropped (see Notes bellow). 4 FIT9137 Assignment 2 Specification 2020_NOV Semester Important Notes for Task C: • If the requirement 8 is not satisfied you will receive a zero mark for the firewall task regardless of any other correct rule you add as it would expose the entire network. You will lose partial marks if your rules are too permissive allowing more traffic than specified to reach the destination for each requirement. • You only receive marks if the test for each requirement succeeds. No partial marks will be given if only part of a rule is correct. When two rules are required for the incoming and outgoing traffic, no partial marks will be given if one of the rules is correct. • For stateful inspection the traffic is allowed if it is initiated from the more trusted side of the firewall to the less trusted side. The traffic in the opposite direction, from the less trusted interface to the more trusted interface, is only allowed if the packets are the responses to an initiated communication from the more trusted side. The trust level in the requirements is indicated as Higher→ Lower for each stateful inspection, meaning the connection initiation is allowed from the higher level to the lower level and only the responses for the initiated connections are allowed from the lower level to the higher level. • If you have reachability issues in task A, that is a host is not reachable from another host, you may lose marks in firewall tests as well when the traffic must be allowed. You will not lose any marks for firewall rules if a host is reachable but through a sub-optimal path and the firewall rules are correct. • You must submit the core file with Firewall service enabled on node R3. The service is enabled in the individual files without any rules hence all traffic is allowed. 5 欢迎咨询51作业君


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